Hyperpigmentation is the darkened area of the skin usually in the form of sun spots or large discolored areas. The main cause is from too much sun exposure and hormones, caused from birth control and pregnancy It can affect men or women mainly starting in the mid 20's.
What can you do about it?
Limiting your time in the sun and wearing a sunblock on a daily basis is the best way to protect yourself from getting these spots. Look for SPF 30 or higher with one of these ingredients - Titanium Dioxide, Zinc Oxide, or Parasol 1789 (avobenzone). Again you must wear SPF daily - not just when you are out in the sun or at the beach....daily is best for prevention. Remember to take the SPF all the way down your neck and chest - men that goes for you too!!!
If you already have hyperpigmentaion - look for products that contain Retinol, Glycolic Acid, and Hydroquinone. The Retinol is an over-the-counter product that will help over time to diminish the spots as will the Glycolic Acid. Hydroquinone is a product that will help to lighten the areas - only use it for 6-8 weeks then stop using it for a month or so and then start back...you will achieve the best results this way.
Remember the moment you step back into the sun the spots WILL come back so you must protect yourself DAILY!!!
On the right of my blog are products that I prefer for helping to diminish those pesky dark areas!!